AGE-RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION (AMD)

AMD is a chronic, progressive disease that causes the degeneration of the retina.

DEFINITION

Generally affecting people of 50 years old or over, AMD occurs because of premature aging of the macula—the central part of the retina, where clear images are formed from our field of vision. Consequently, AMD causes a gradual deterioration and loss of central vision, without necessarily affecting peripheral vision. Depending on the severity of the case, people afflicted with AMD can experience a real visual handicap.


 

RISK FACTORS

Several studies have pointed to a number of factors that can increase your risk of developing AMD. Aging is the only factor we cannot avoid.


 

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Age

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Smoking

Exposure to blue light

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Diet

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Heredity

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Weight

SYMPTOMS

AMD develops gradually over time and is painless, so its first symptoms are often very difficult to detect. Several signs may be considered as precursors, like the feeling that there's never enough light in a given situation, having a hard time seeing at distances or feeling unable to complete tasks that require a high degree of visual precision. At more advanced stages, a blurred spot may appear in your central field of vision, making it almost impossible to read or drive a car. As soon as you feel you might be experiencing symptoms of AMD, it's necessary that you see your eyecare professional immediately.

There are a number of ways you can help protect your eyes for tomorrow...


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