Myopia literally means near-sighted vision, which means you have difficulty seeing distant objects clearly.
Prescription eyeglasses can help correct the problem and most people with myopia can go about their lives normally.


You may find it difficult to clearly see images or words on a whiteboard, movie screen or television. License plates and road signs may appear blurry. Children who are near-sighted may sit at the front of the classroom or very close to the TV to make up for their impaired vision.

People with myopia often experience squinting, eyestrain and headaches.


People who do their work close-up, like reading, sewing or using a computer, are more likely to develop myopia. If one of your parents was near-sighted or if you were born prematurely, your chances of becoming myopic are increased.

Eye exam for myopia and hyperopia

In order to find out if you have myopia or hyperopia, your eyecare professional will have you take the following test.

He will cover one eye and have you take the test. Then, he will cover the other eye and have you take the test again.


Your distance vision is deficient if you see the O sharper or blacker, either in the red or the green color.

Generally, if you see the O blacker or sharper in the red part, you probably have myopia or have a myopic tendency.

Conversely, if you see the O blacker or sharper in the green part, you are definitely hyperope and have hyperopia.

* The image of the test above has no medical value and should only be considered for preparation and understanding of your eye exam with your eyecare professional.


Myopia is treatable with prescription glasses, which are the simplest and safest option. To refocus light correctly on the retina, the lenses of your glasses will be thicker at the edge than in the middle. Your eyecare professional will prescribe the lenses that are right for you depending on the severity of your near-sightedness.

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